BOTTLE FILLING SYSTEM USING GENEVA MECHANISM.
Bottle filling system using geneva mechanism machine” which is based on basic “geneva mechanism‟ automation plays an increasingly important role in the world economy. one of the important applications of automation is in the soft drink and other beverage industries, where a particular liquid has to be filled continuously for these kinds of applications. the trend is moving away from the individual device or machine toward continuous automation solutions. totally integrated automation puts this continuity into consistent practice. totally integrated automation covers the complete production line, from receipt of goods, the production process, filling and packaging, to shipment of goods.
There are many devices available for producing intermittent motion but out of These entire devices “Geneva wheel” for intermittent motion is preferred because of the following reasons:-
- It has simplicity in design and construction.
- It is economical in cost.
- It can be operated manually or mechanically.
- It is widely used in industries.
- It requires less maintenance and inspection.
- It has a wider application in practice.
OBJECTIVE OF GENEVA MECHANISM
The main objective of the project is to Design and Develop an Automatic liquid filling in bottles by using a Geneva Mechanism. To develop a filling machine which can fill different sizes of containers on the bases of height same principle can be used in different industries like medicine, oil, chemical industries for filling liquid to different sized component by one machine.
COMPONENTS OF BOTTLE FILLING SYSTEM USING GENEVA MECHANISM
The Geneva wheel is used in cinema film projectors to step the film on one frame at a time. This is a mechanism for intermittent motion. The lower wheel drives the upper one. The rotational movement of the lower wheel is continuous but the upper wheel only rotates intermittently (in steps). It takes four revolutions of the lower wheel to produce one revolution of the upper wheel. The drive pin on the lower wheel engages with the slots on the Geneva wheel and make it turn just enough so that it is in position when the pin comes round again.
In a Synchronous motor, A.C. supply is given to the stator windings and D.C. supply is given to the rotor windings. It is used in machine tools, line shafts, reciprocating and centrifugal compressors, fan blowers, vacuum pumps, etc.
BOTTLE FILLING SYSTEM USING GENEVA MECHANISM WORKING PRINCIPLE
The motor transmits power to the smaller pulley. The smaller pulley is mounted on the same shaft of the motor. The power given by motor to the smaller pulley is transmitted to the bigger pulley for speed reduction. Due to this Geneva disc is rotated at the same speed as the bigger pulley. As the bottle base and the Geneva disc are mounted on the same shaft the base also rotates at the same speed. The base contains 5 slots for the placement of bottles. When the crank engages with the Geneva disc, the bottle slot shifts from one position to another position. This time period is known as „Indexing time‟. In this time period limit switch is in off position and it does not allow the flow of water. When the crank disengages from the Geneva disc and travels along its periphery, the bottle starts filling.
CONCLUSION & SCOPE
The thesis presents an automated liquid filling to bottles of different height using the Geneva mechanism. Total control is made in a filling is achieved. The present system will provide a great deal of applications in the field of automation, especially in mass production
industries where there is a large number of components to be processed and handled in a short period of time and there‟s a need for increased production. The solenoid valve to this system developed is flexible, quickly and easily. This will increase the total production output; this increase in production can yield significant financial
benefits and savings. This concept can be used in the beverage and food industries, milk industries, medicine industries, mineral water, chemical product industries, and manufacturing industries.
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