Latest Projects topics on Detection and monitoring system for Final Year Engineering Students

Latest Projects topics on Detection and monitoring system for Final Year Engineering Students.

Today we are going to discuss a very new project for electronics final year engineering. the project name is the latest projects topics on detection and monitoring system for final year engineering students .which is the very trending and searchable topic on Google so we decide to give you some idea about the very trending topic detection and monitoring system.

Latest Projects topics on Detection and monitoring system for Final Year Engineering Students

This will be very useful for mankind and give you Succeed in your college competition regards your final year electronic engineering projects and we are sure you after this contact you will be able to think about your latest innovations ideas about your electronic projects and you can consider our project.

which is the latest project topic on detection and monitoring system for final year engineering students; after this context, you will get an opportunity To find some useful links. where you can see use full collection of electronic projects. which will help you to select your final year engineering electronic projects for students.

Detection and monitoring system

your monitoring and evaluation of detection need today we’ll be considering a topic which isn’t new but does get asked a lot even by the well experienced M & E personnel we are talking about the differences and relationships between monitoring and evaluation now there is one thing you need to understand monitoring and evaluation are two different entities.

when you look at even just the definition of monitoring and evaluation they are two different although some people tend to use them in touch interchangeably you discovering practice they do.

they serve different functions and needs but to start with we want to proceed with this blog presentation in a very systematic way and if you’ve been looking at my last post. so you discover that we like using google a lot because Google has a lot of articles on, so many stuff if you just type the monitoring and detecting system.

or you just type indicators or you just type mechanical engineering projects for final year student or electronics final year projects, things data that come into your mind. you’ll find a lot of things of Google which we think you know by now but in the My engineering projects field there are so many electronics engineering projects that have been waiting for waking up.

Bussiness monitoring system

so let’s start with monitoring the objective of monitoring is to track changes from baseline conditions to desired outcomes. the evaluation sets to validate what results were achieved and how and why they were or we’re not achieved so now have you already noticed the relationship between monitoring and detection based on this objective alone you see (engineering students) in every program or.

project some activities are implemented day by day month by month until the year ends and then you go to nad at another year until the program ends now. monitoring would track changes from the baseline condition so when they say baseline from the start of the program to the end of the program.

so as the monitoring is being done this could be done either quarterly semi-annually depending on how the and plan has designed things in a nutshell what this is saying is that when these changes at captured they are going to be reported on.

Why we need a monitoring system

Monitoring systems are responsible for controlling the technology used by a company to check their operation and performance and to detect and get alert about the possible errors.

Type of monitoring & detection systems

There are many types of monitoring and detection systems but few are listed below –

  • Process monitoring.
  • physical progress monitoring.
  • Technical monitoring.
  • Assumption monitoring.
  • Financial Monitoring.
  • Impact Monitoring.
  • References.

Advantages of monitoring and detection

  • monitoring provides the only consolidated source of information showcasing project progress or errors.
  • Detection allows to learn from each other’s experiences, building on expertise and knowledge.
  • it often generates data reports that contribute to transparency and accountability and allows for lessons to be shared more easily.

SIMILAR FINAL YEAR ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING PROJECTS

We, My Engineering Projects are committed to providing Best Final Year Engineering Project In Lucknow and other areas of India. We are regularly research and update our project list. There are some projects related to Wireless Communication Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students:

We tell you here that we are a project maker and seller all over India. But most recently we working on mechanical engineering projects a final year for the students of BTech. secondly, we remind you that we have a big workshop in Ambala but rather we seated our one office in deva road matiyaari, Lucknow Uttar Pradesh. Do you want to know more about ”Latest Projects topics on Detection and monitoring system for Final Year Engineering Students” for the mechanical students here we deal with the student and provide them final year projects on demand.afterword to know about us go to the site descriptions? Note don’t forget to check our robotics latest projects for your final year project. Also can check the latest electronics projects list.

Latest Projects Ideas on the sensor for Final Year Engineering Students

Latest Projects Ideas on the sensor for Final Year Engineering Students.

First thing first To go deep we should give you some overview of the latest projects ideas on the sensor for final year engineering students. here is a list of discussion-

Latest Projects Ideas on the sensor for Final Year

  1. What is the sensor?
  2. How does it work?
  3. Types of the sensors?
  4. which technology used in sensors?
  5. Where we can see and feel the sensor practices?
  6. Why is important for us?
  7. Gamming sensors?

In the current scenario lot more sensor is we can see in a real-world some of the interesting sensor topic to be discussed here only here for the propose of electronics students help. coz we aim to give you every latest information about sensor technology; even though we provide you the latest ideas and materials for electronics engineering students.

What is the sensor

In our ordinary life, we utilized various sorts of sensors that are regularly utilized in different applications. Every one of these sensors is utilized for estimating one of the physical properties like-Temperature, Resistance, Capacitance, Conduction, heat transfer, etc. In this context, we have seen different types of sensors along with their practical applications.

Type of the sensor

There are a few types of sensors such as;-

  1. Temperature sensors.
  2. Infrared sensors.
  3. Proximity Sensors.
  4. Pressure Sensors.
  5. Level Sensors.
  6. Smoke and Gas Sensors.
  7. Ultrasonic Sensors and TouchSensors are commonly used in most of the electronics applications.

Temperature Sensors;- A temperature sensor is a device, typically, a thermocouple or RTD, that provides for temperature measurement through an electrical signal.

As it were, A temperature sensor is a gadget that recognizes and gauges hotness and coolness and converts it into an electrical signal. There are different types of Temperature Sensors like LM35 IC, Thermistors, Thermocouples, RTD, etc.

Temperature Sensors are used everywhere like computers, mobile phones, automobiles, airconditioning systems, industries, etc.

IR Sensors;-

An infrared sensor (IR) is an electronic device that emits to sense some aspects of the surroundings. An IR sensor can gauge the warmth of an item just as distinguished movement.
These sorts of sensors measure just infrared radiation, instead of discharging it that is called a passive IR sensor. Different applications where IR Sensor is implemented are Mobile Phones, Robots, Industrialassembly, automobiles, etc.

Proximity Sensors;-

A proximity or presences sensor is the one that can detect the presence of nearby objects without any physical contact. They usually emit electromagnetic radiations and detect the changes in reflected signals if any. Closeness sensors are likewise utilized in machine vibration observing to gauge the variation in distance between a shaft and its support bearing. This is basic in enormous steam turbines, blowers, and engines that utilization sleeve-type courses.

which technology is used in sensors

what is sensor technology as humans, we perceive the world through our senses, we see how we can grab an object like a hammer. we can smell a fire from far away, we can taste if fruits ripe and ready to eat. we hear a car coming and feel when it’s cold these are our five senses sight hearing touch smell and taste. as a human, we use a lot of products like cars phones and computers these products have senses too only we call them sensors.

cars brake automatically if you don’t do it in time game consoles that know how you want to hit that ball in the virtual game of tennis. and health measuring devices that alarm a doctor; when needed but making these products know is something not a lot of people can do a machine can measure lots of things with different kinds of sensors.

but adding meaning is the real tricky bit you need very smart people for this that is why then my engineering projects trainers combine Technology and us you started a new study on sensors called advanced sensor applications.

Advantages of sensor

  • For concrete and steel.
  • Cost-effective (considering unit cost and labor).
  • Relatively new — Sensitive, comparable to technology typical strain gages.
  • controlling while playing games.
  • automatically detect the unwanted metals. like gun bomb etc.

SIMILAR FINAL YEAR ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING PROJECTS

We, My Engineering Projects are committed to providing Best Final Year Engineering Project In Lucknow and other areas of India. We are regularly research and update our project list. There are some projects related to Wireless Communication Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students:

We tell you here that we are a project maker and seller all over India. But most recently we working on mechanical engineering projects a final year for the students of BTech. secondly, we remind you that we have a big workshop in Ambala but rather we seated our one office in deva road matiyaari, Lucknow Uttar Pradesh. Do you want to know more about ” Latest Projects Ideas on the sensor for Final Year Engineering Students” for the mechanical students here we deal with the student and provide them final year projects on demand.afterword to know about us go to the site descriptions? Note don’t forget to check our robotics latest projects for your final year project. Also can check the latest electronics projects list.

Latest Projects Ideas on a security system for Final Year Engineering Students

Latest Projects Ideas on a security system for Final Year Engineering Students.

Before going to deep let us understand what is the mean of security and with knowledge of how we get the make latest projects ideas on security on a security system for final year engineering students. so now come to the point what is a security system and what is the porose of the security system and how many types of securities in India and all over the globe.

Latest Projects Ideas on a security system

Introduction of securitysystem;-

It is a system that consists of many things like, computer system programs, programming systems, and the use of many security system tools.  A hardware system that restricts unauthorized pass into limits, and noises such attempts. A similar software system that blocks unnecessary access. some example of security system software-fingerprint biometrics.

Some of the most common security systems include;-
  • Home and residential security systems. It is a broad term that covers various aspects of home security and involves the use of a variety of means and devices.
  • Commercial security systems.
  • Computer security systems.
  • Fire alarm systems.
  • Personal safety systems.

Importance of security systems

One of the reasons why security systems are important is to protect your home and your family and my engineering projects’ office also. Security systems protect your family, office from robbers and intruders from the border or unwanted access into a home. In typical situations, the small appearance of a security system would work as a security guard and saves you from thieves and intruders.

however;- if you want to secure your office, home, engineering colleges, and secure your workshops from where you make/create the latest engineering projects for final year students and your self. for example, you can install CCTV cameras in your office and engineering workshop.

In the market, many CCTV camera is easily available but I used one touch computers CCTV service. Here I tell you these guys provide the best CCTV installation service all over India.

What security system CCTV camera should I get

Several companies offer these types of security systems. A portion of your choices incorporate Doberman Security and Saber. Wired systems are available from companies such as Protect India. … This is especially important if you are going to be working with a company to monitor your office and get an alarm system.

What technology used in security system

Thre are many technologies used in a security system for instance;-

  • Web-based security management systems.
  • Video surveillance as a security service.
  • Surveillance video analytics and people counting technology.
  • Wireless access control systems.
  • Global security data visualization platforms.
  • Most recent china uses a face recognition technology system to secure the city from coronaviruses suspects.

with this context hope you get some idea on your electronics and final year projects like-Latest Projects Ideas on a security system for Final Year Engineering Students.

Advantages of security systems

  • Keep you safe anywhere the security is the top peak.
  • with the security system, work will be recorded for references.
  • Always keep eyes on office workers.
  • It enables you to live free from robbery.
  • get you to inform on mobile via smart alert technology system.

Disadvantages of security systems

  • It will be stop recording.
  • Sometimes not get information due to some error in the system.
  • A security system can be hack from hackers.
  • Every day new advanced security crackers born.

Final year student projects ideas for security system

there are many projects have been discussed on the web but some the relevant for us. Students often get confused while searching such electronics projects on the web. So we decide to give you every project solution which inhales your boost. and you gonna be able to choose your final year electronics project for your final year projects.

But here we tell you students that we have a big team to manage all engineering projects. we have also specific trannies to build awesome engineering projects. and provide you the on-time in the crucial time of your final year examination. The student also can visit our engineering projects office which is in location Lucknow Uttar Pradesh India. for more detail regarding final year electronics and robotics projects hassle-free to call us -8528646666.

Note;- keep in mind every student is the future of our nation. so we reply to you as soon as we get your message from anywhere else platform like Facebook media or website contact.

IN CASE IMMEDIATE FINAL YEAR ELECTRONIC PROJECTS

We tell you here that we are a project maker and seller all over India. But most recently we working on mechanical engineering projects a final year for the students of BTech. secondly, we remind you that we have a big workshop in Ambala but rather we seated our one office in deva road matiyaari, Lucknow Uttar Pradesh. Do you want to know more about ”Latest Projects Ideas on a security system for Final Year Engineering Students” for the mechanical students here we deal with the student and provide them final year projects on demand.afterword to know about us go to the site descriptions? Note don’t forget to check our robotics latest projects for your final year project. Also can check the latest electronics projects list.

SIMILAR FINAL YEAR ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING PROJECTS

We, My Engineering Projects are committed to provides Best Final Year Engineering Project In Lucknow and other arears of India. We are regularly research and update our project list. There are some projects related to Wireless Communication Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students:

We tell you here that we are a project maker and seller all over India. But most recently we working on mechanical engineering projects a final year for the students of BTech. secondly, we remind you that we have a big workshop in Ambala but rather we seated our one office in deva road matiyaari, Lucknow Uttar Pradesh. Do you want to know more about ” Wireless Communication Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students” for the mechanical students here we deal with the student and provide them final year projects on demand.afterword to know about us go to the site descriptions? Note don’t forget to check our robotics latest projects for your final year project. Also can check the latest electronics projects list.

 

GSM and GPS based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students

GSM and GPS based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students.

Once upon a time, your ancestors used to look at the night sky to determine their location. Then we used a Thomas Guide, remember those? Today, it only takes one magical technology and projects like (GSM and GPS based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students)and gets driving directions, send your picnic spot to a lost friend, or track how far you’ve gone during a workout. That technology is called GPS, and you’re about to find out the secret behind it.

GSM and GPS based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students

GSN and GPS stand for Global Positioning System and was actually a military invention. Its first name was Navstar, and the first satellite was launched in 1978. But not all the Navstarsatellites made it orbit, so it was still a work in progress. GPS became fully functional in the US by 1995 and was first used in cars in 1996.

The highest quality signals were only used for military purposes until May 2000 when it became available to all civilians for free. Today, GPS is managed by the USAir Force. Many modern receivers actually rely on both GPS and the Russian GLONASS satellites to make their accuracy perfect anywhere in the world.

GSM and GPS based Projects Ideas- for Final Year Engineering Student

GPS doesn’t need an Internet connection or a phone signal to function properly; but with them, it becomes more effective.GPS is literally everywhere, and you can now even purchase GPS and GSM insoles to keep track of your kids or relatives with Alzheimer’s disease.

How does it work? To put it simply, GPS is a system that has three basic parts: satellites, ground stations, and receivers. Satellites today are like the stars and constellations that our ancestors used to find out their location.

They’re supposed to be in a certain place at a certain time, and this is important. Ground stations use radars to find out if the satellites really are where they’re supposed to be. A receiver on your phone or in your car is following signals from the satellite engineering project ex-GSM and GPS based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering, Students to determine how far it is from them.

When it finds out how far you are from four or more GPS satellites, it can tell exactly where you are, with accuracy within feet or even inches.

The GPS and GSM based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students system has 32 active satellites orbiting the Earth. 24 of them are core satellites, and the rest serve as emergency replacements when something happens to the others. They need constant maintenance and sometimes repairs, but even with all that, they only last about10 years.

2D 3D map via the GPS tracking system

GPS works in any weather, rain or shine; but there is one important condition. A receiver on Earth has to see at least 4satellites to calculate an accurate location because the GPS uses a trilateration mechanism. No worries, folks, it sounds complicated, butI’ll explain it. in a second 2-D and 3-D trilateration, 2-D trilateration is about calculating its latitude and longitude position on a map.

Imagine you went for a run Forrest Gump style, left your home in, say, Wisconsin, and made your first stop after days of running. You know you’re still in the US, but since GPS and GSM don’t exist yet, you have no clue where exactly you are. So luckily, you run into a farmer and ask him.

He doesn’t answer directly but gives you the first clue. You’re400 miles away from Boise, Idaho. Well, that’snot really helpful because there are hundreds of places that fit that description. So you need more clues and ask another person. They kindly inform you that you’re 780 miles from Fargo, North Dakota.

GSM and GPS latitude and longitude

If you put this information you have on paper and draw two circles, you’ll see they only intersect at certain points. And now you know you’ rein one of them! Still, that’s not enough and you find a friendly girl-scout who tells you the final clue. You’re 410 miles away from Salt city.

That’s all you need to know. As you add the third circle to your drawing, you see only one intersection point. Bingo All this data helped you figure out you’re in Boseman, Montana. Which is a nice town, That’s all pretty simple, right? When it comes to 3-D trilateration, it’s basically the same, but there’ll be spheres instead of circles on your drawing. 3-D position includes your latitude, longitude, and altitude.

If the radii from the previous example went in all directions, you’d get a series of 3-Dspheres. So if you know you’re 15 miles away from satellite A, then you’re at some point inside an imaginary sphere that has a 15-mile radius. You’re also positive you’re 20 miles away from satellite B. When two spheres overlap, you’ll see a circle.

Take the distance from the third satellite to build another sphere, and you’ll get two points of intersection. Let’s take the Earth itself for the fourth sphere because you know you’re on the ground and only one of the two possible points is the one you need. The more satellites you use, the more accurate position you’ll get.

GPS satellite signaling system

Doing the calculationsGPS satellites send information about their position and current time to a GPS receiver at certain intervals. The receiver gets the information in the form of a signal. The GPS receiver analyzes radio signals from the GPS satellites to figure out two important things;

the location of at least three satellites in space above you, and the distance between you and those satellites. Radio waves travel at the speed of light. The receiver takes the time it took for the signal to travel from space to the Earth to calculate how far it’s traveled. And it’s not so simple.GPS satellites have atomic clocks that keep the most precise time, but it would be impossible to install these clocks in every receiver.

They cost somewhere between $50,000 and $100,000, so it would make your phone really, really expensive. So, receivers have regular quartz clocks in them that keep updating themselves get the most precise time, thanks to the information they receive from satellites.

The second complication is that time moves faster for objects that are far away from gravity; like Einstein’s general theory of relativity. Satellites’ atomic clocks get 38 microseconds ahead of the ground clock every day. If scientists did nothing about it, GPS locations would be off by 6 miles more every day.

Using at least four, and not three satellites help to solve both of the problems and to determine the precise locations of objects. When you use just three satellites and three spheres, they’ll intersect at some point, even if you’ve got the wrong numbers.

Defense depart use GPS track engineering system

When you have four spheres, there’sno chance you’ll get the wrong measurements. One more thing, it’s not only important to know how far the satellite is from the receiver, but where exactly the satellite is. This task isn’t that hard, in fact, because satellites have predictable orbits.

There’s also a GPS almanac in the receiver that keeps track of where this or that satellite should be at any moment. The pull of the moon and the sun affect the orbits just a bit, but the Department of Defense takes care of that and sends updated information to all GPS receivers, along with satellites’ signals.

GPS not only determines the most accurate location of people and objects but also spends time signals that are accurate within 10 billionths of a second. You can only get more accurate time from the atomic clock, like the one in the GPS satellites. Banking systems, power grids, and cellular networks all rely on GPS for operations from synchronized call handoffs to accurately timestamped transactions.

And here’s a bonus even though it’s incredibly accurate and useful, sometimes GPS takes people to unexpected places, especially in rural areas. Ever get lost? Me too. It can be hard for it to tell an actual road from a mud path, and the consequences are pretty unpleasant for the driver and the passengers. A van driver from Switzerland, for example, once found himself on top of mount Bergen.

GPS and GSM use in vehicles

He was unable to go either back or forward, and so he had to call for help and a heavy-lifting helicopter eventually saved him. He explained to his rescuers that GPS prompted him to get off the main road and he couldn’t ever get back even when he wanted to. Three ladies in Bellevue, Washington didna have time to wait for a helicopter but had to leave their sinking Mercedes-Benz SUV behind.

They were driving after midnight and couldn’t a see that the road GPS told them to take was actually a boat launch that took them directly into the lake! Another story took place in Australia, where three Japanese students were trying to get to North Stradbroke Island by car.

Conclusion;-

Their GPSsuggested a route that ignored one detail– there were water and mud separating the island from the continent that looked okay to them at low tide. They were rescued by a truck driver. Hey, technology is great – when it works.

Advantages of GSM and GPS

  • The accessibility of Subscriber Identity Modules (SIM cards).
  • which are smart cards; provide secure data encryption to give GSM m-commerce advantages.
  •  GSM service is in more than 200 different countries, so it is quite easy to simply use your GSM phone when you are in one of these countries.
  • Maintain Control Over Your Assets.
  • GPS tracking helps you maintain control over your assets that are important for moving inventory or performing customer service.
  • Customer Service.
  • Eliminate Anxiety.
  • Easy to Use.
  • For security purposes.
  • Compatible with mobile devices.

Disadvantages of GSM and GPS

  • Inaccuracy. GPS devices rely upon receiving signals from at least four satellites.
  • Lack of Local Knowledge. Local knowledge counts for a lot when traveling.
  • Driving Distraction.
  • Signal or Battery Failure.
  • Reliance on the Indian Department of Defense.
  • Privacy Issues.
  • Commercial Exploitation.

IN CASE IMMEDIATE FINAL YEAR ELECTRONIC PROJECTS

We tell you here that we are a project maker and seller all over India. But most recently we working on mechanical engineering projects a final year for the students of BTech. secondly, we remind you that we have a big workshop in Ambala but rather we seated our one office in deva road matiyaari, Lucknow Uttar Pradesh. Do you want to know more about ”GSM and GPS based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students” for the mechanical students here we deal with the student and provide them final year projects on demand.afterword to know about us go to the site descriptions? Note don’t forget to check our robotics latest projects for your final year project. Also can check the latest electronics projects list.

Biometric and fingerprint based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students

Biometric and fingerprint-based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students.

my biometric and fingerprint my face the way I move all of these can be turned into a unique biometric and fingerprint-based projects ideas for final year engineering students. and be used to identify for example for making online payment but how secure is this technology really today on shift when I wait at this bar system registers my face and lets the barman know which customer is next inline I’ve never found my face more useful.

Biometric and fingerprint based Projects Ideas

I use my fingerprint to unlock my phone and to get access to this high-security area a computer first needs to scan my body movements biometrics are increasingly replacing typical passwords and access keys, for example, biometric systems can recognize a person’s specific physical attributes their fingerprints facial features iris or retina the technology is already used around.

The worlds by the Somali army Indian doctors and for authenticating patients for important drugs or for online banking on the smartphone there are even systems that look under your skin so to speak such as infrared scanners that are used in vain matching oxygen-poor blood in veins absorbs;

more infrared light than surrounding tissue so that vein patterns can be matched scientists are currently developing a project like a finger print biometric technology projects a final year.

Biometric and fingerprint-based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Student

That can recognize a person on the basis of their heartbeat others are working on identifying a person by their brainwave sounds like biometrics are super practical I no longer need those endless letter number and character password combinations happy days or is there a catch.

we talked to Professor Christopheminer to find out he teaches internet technologies and systems at a pod stem-based Research Institute what’s a more secure professor – passwords or biometrics final year engineering projects thing.

using your fingerprint to login is obviously more convenient you just put your finger on the dose or identify it and then you’re in that’s much easier than typing a fingerprint password to the biometric passwords are often we get happy they’re a little out of date but password-protected systems are easy to implement that’s probably. why they’reso common that’s a cost issue the most sense.

I can use to scan a fingerprint or face the more accurately I can capture someone’s biometric profile for their security of this technology depends on how well its implemented.

Recognition of the fingerprint system

if there are enough sensors this is more secure than passwords swishing your skin swishing finger up talk iris recognition fingerprint scans and facial recognition are similar in the sense .that they all check for a single constant biometric feature by which the system recognizes me a password, by contrast;

is something I need to memorize I shouldn’t write it down anywhere because otherwise anyone; who finds it can pretend to be me the future is a multi-factor authentication or at least two-factor authentication and I think that ultimately the most user-friendly systems will be the ones used.

The most biometric identification is convenient but is our personal data safe companies using this tech have to ensure that biometric data is securely stored and encrypted ideally on end-user devices and not in some cloud this makes.

it harder for hackers to get to unfortunately that’s not always done a team of Israeli researchers managed to hack into a 23-gigabyte database with over 27 million records containing fingerprints facial profiles and much more but of course, password databases have also been compromised beyond large-scale hacks.

Password remembering biometric

There’s also a risk of individual systems and devices being cracked and I’m a bit worried about how successful hackers have been at outwitting biometrics a password can be stolen someone can watch you enter it somewhere or find where you wrote it down or even just guess.

it can happen with biometric identification tech biometrics are convenient and save users from having to remember passwords but unlike passwords, you can’t change your biometrical data.

if it’s been hacked and under lab conditions, hackers have managed to outsmart biometric encryption technologies, for instance;

they duped an iPhone fingerprint scanner using a fingerprint they’d lifted from glass and combining a picture of a person’siris with a contact lens got them past Samsung phone iris scanner hackers from any country face detection technology with just a pair of glasses and some tape.

we should stress all these hacks were carried out under lab conditions the quality of a system sensor largely determines how safe.

it is which means smartphones are easier to outwit than elaborate security systems clearly biometrics aren’t as safe as you might think even though a scenario you like taking a fake wax hand along to break into a high-security area ISN very realistic either still many tech companies keep rolling out biometric security features the latest Apple and Google smartphones.

Authentication of face biometric on Facebook

for example, let you make payments using facial recognition tech pretty convenient but it’s my personal data safe with these companies and what if companies or states get too nosy in Great Britain CCTV cameras are ubiquitous the average Londoner is caught on camera 300 times every day.

what if; facial recognition technology was applied to analyze that CCTV footage surveillance cameras are widespread in Britain and London; has been called Europe’s CCTV capital people have even begun using them independently of the authorities because you can go on Facebook.

now get people’s profile images and easy as that upload them onto your own software criminals etc in the area please upload their images all over the online you can pick up them images add them to your security system when the person crosses your cameras system picks it up. so it’s as easy as that not easy perhaps but it’s also an invasion of privacy in Britain many are used to CCTV cameras.

But since authorities have started combining surveillance cameras with facial recognition tech some say this goes too far people like Edie bridges from Cardiff who recently made a shocking discovery the van was parked just around the corner and by the time.

I was close enough to see facial recognition technology written on the van it had already captured my data several times over and that felt like an invasion of my privacyI’m a law-abiding member of the public I was going about my daily business I wasn’t committing any crime.

Technology use in biometric and fingerprint system

I was no threat to anyone and yet the police were there filming me and capturing my data essentially bridges took the WelshPolice to court and lost .he’s currently appealing that ruling but for now, police continued to use their tech scanning hundreds of faces per second checking them against want enlists are learning.

we are developing and there are actually people being taken off the streets .who are wanted for offenses or harm the peanut court as a direct result of the deployment of this technology engineering project.

the question remains whether the ends really justify the means if you ask me we should all be wary of handing out our biometric data I wonder. if the convenience outweighs the potential risks researchers are already working on so-called cans level biometrics;

here the biometric data is encrypted before it’s stored in a nutshell this means that not my actual face is thought but a digitally altered version if anyone hacks the biometric system.

Smartphone biometrics

I can delete my data and create a new biometric password that sounds pretty good and there are even more options like behavioral biometrics here smartphones and wearables analyze how we type or the way you walk for example there’s a software that captures how fast we walk the length of our steps and our hip movement and uses this data to create a movement profile.

which it authenticates us the smartphone fingerprint system can then communicate with a gate, for example, and unlock it when we approach but if your movement doesn’t match the profile the door will remain locked simple behavioral sequences such as how;

you get your smartphone out of your pocket can be enough to identify you within finding and cause but tying this technology into everyday movements can be very convenient because you Wouldnt have to do anything to authenticate yourself.

The software can tap into your smartphones and wearables sensors then it calculates a trust level based on your behavior this means;

it assesses the odds that it’s really you using the device and not some stranger the advantage of this behavioral system is that the other party does not actually need to save your movement profile this data is only registered by your smartphone that;

Cybercriminals data record system

where the trust score is calculated and only this score is shared with the service provider this means your phone alone registers your movements sensitive private data is saved on cloud or shared with a service provider that makes this method particularly secure would put an end to the big problem.

Conclusion;-

we currently have the leak password files and leaked biometrical data cybercriminals are selling this data online by using behavioral profiles this problem would disappear overnight behavioral security technology and multi-factor authentication are very secure as a rule of thumb the more elaborate the security method in sensors better;

but so far hackers have always managed to crack biometrical security systems under lab conditions facial recognition fingerprint scanners pounding recognition nothing is 100% safe which doesn’t mean.

we should be going back to passwords because these also get stolen plus many people think two-factor authentication is a hassle that’s that.

we should think carefully about if we want to use biometric or passwords at all and which companies we trust to put this sensitive information what do you think are things like using a fingerprint for online banking a great idea.

Advantages of biometric and fingerprint

  • As fingerprints are impossible to lose or forget.
  • it is the best process to verify one’s identity.
  • It makes our security system easier and cheaper.
  • As it can allow a person to get inside after verifying his identity.
  • it can significantly reduce the cost of keeping more security personals at your doors.

Disadvantages of biometric and fingerprint

  • Physical Traits are not Changeable: Most of the biometric modalities work with physical traits such as fingerprint, iris, palm vein, etc. …
  • Error Rate.
  • Cost.
  • Delay.
  • Complexity.
  • Unhygienic.
  • Scanning Difficulty.
  • Physical Disability.

IN CASE IMMEDIATE FINAL YEAR ELECTRONIC PROJECTS

We tell you here that we are a project maker and seller all over India. But most recently we working on mechanical engineering projects a final year for the students of BTech. secondly, we remind you that we have a big workshop in Ambala but rather we seated our one office in deva road matiyaari, Lucknow Uttar Pradesh. Do you want to know more about ”biometric and fingerprint based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students ” for the mechanical students here we deal with the student and provide them final year projects on demand.afterword to know about us go to the site descriptions? Note don’t forget to check our robotics latest projects for your final year project. Also can check the latest electronics projects list.

Touch screen based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students

Touch screen based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students.

It’s hard to imagine that just a couple of decades ago, touchscreens still sounded like something you’d only see in a sci-fi movie. And look where we are now – they’re pretty much everywhere! So that got me thinking: how do touchscreens work anyway? More on that project like Touch screen-based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students later, but first, I’ll tell you what surprised me the most.

Touch screen based Projects

Get this: Touch screen-based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students already appeared Wayback in the ‘60s!In 1965, E.A. Johnson created the very first finger-driven screen. Granted, it could process just one touch at a time (so, still a long way to the multi-touch display of today), and it either registered his touch or not.

Pretty basic, but come on It was the 60s, after all beside, even such a simple technology (by today’s standards, of course) had its takers. For example, the idea had been used by British air traffic controllers till the late ‘90s But even though Johnson was the first to create touchscreen technology, these displays had gained popularity till the 1970s, when the resistive touchscreen was accidentally invented.

Touch monitor based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Student

Uh, the who-biddy what-a be, and how was it created accidentally I’ll get into the different kinds of displays here shortly (bear with me), but this incidentally Genuity happened in the US, where a research team headed by Dr. G. Samuel Hurst was studying atomic physics at the University of Kentucky. In their experiments, the scientists needed to use some equipment that was so overworked that it was only available at night.

You can imagine how much that inconvenience was slowing down their progress. It was then when Dr. Hurst and his colleagues thought of using some electrically conductive paper in their research. By developing this idea, they eventually created the first computer touchscreen ever. Now the researchers could do tasks that had previously taken days to finish within a matter of hours.

Further developing on that new technology, scientists at the University of Toronto invented the first multi-touch display in the 1980s. As for the very first touchscreen cell phones, they came out a little later in the 90s. Now, all this time, touchscreens were always pretty hit-or-miss. That is, don’t imagine the really cool super fast finger movements you do on your phones these days.

The technology used in touch screen projects

But the technology was getting better and better, so you can thank these old dinosaur versions for the incredible screen you have today. So, back to the question at hand: what the magic behind the touchscreens we know and love today?If you thought that just one technology stand behind this “swipeable” phenomenon of our time, think again. In fact, there are more than half a dozen approaches to make touchscreens work.

The two you might be most familiar with are resistive and capacitive displays. Resistive touchscreens are the simplest and most commonly used. If you’ve ever withdrawn cash from an ATM, you know what they are. What about that part-time job you had as a cashier when you were a teen or each time you sign your name (or just draw a smiley face!) when you’re checking out at the grocery store? Those point-of-sale screens are also this type.

The technology is simple: you press on the screen hard enough, and it bends and resists your touch (hence the name). But what happens next? The thing is that a resistive screen consists of two layers that can conduct electricity. But while one of these layers is resistive, the other is conductive.

And between them, there are these things called spacers. They’re tiny dots that separate the layers until you touch the screen. So, to put it simply, an electrical current is constantly running through the two layers. Then, all of a sudden, your finger hits the screen.

Toch screen ATMs project

The two layers get squished together, and the electric current changes. The device’s software feels a change in this particular spot and does its work (meaning that it fulfills the function that corresponds with that place). You click on the $20 button instead of $50, and the ATM spits out your 20 bucks. On the one hand, resistive touchscreens are reliable and durable.

But on the downside, they’re pretty hard to read due to their multiple layers. And the more light falls on the display, the harder it is to make out what’s written here. Ever tried to withdraw cash at an outdoor ATV on a sunny day? Forget about it. On top of that, you can’t zoom in to see the little print more clearly. Unfortunately, resistive screens can handle only one touch at a time.

So, do you have this type of screen on your smartphone? Thank goodness no! What you use to scroll through social media(or, my personal favorite: hitting snooze over and over again) is a capacitive screen. And its main difference from the resistive kind is that this screen doesn’t want you to poke it with your finger. Oh no, instead, the capacitive screen changes the electric current when it comes into contact with anything that holds an electrical charge.

Components of Touch screens

And by that I mean you – or rather, your skin! Just like everything else, it consists of atoms that are negatively and positively charged. Capacitive touch screens are made from either indium tin oxide or copper. Both these materials keep electrical charges in super-tiny wires, with each of them was thinner than a human hair. But here’s where it gets a bit more complicated.

The thing is that there are two different kinds of capacitive touchscreens: projective and surface. Projective displays use a tight grid of special sensor chips. As for surface displays, they use itsy-its sensors in the corners as well as a paper-thin film evenly distributed over the screen. But whichever type of capacitive screen you use, as soon as your finger hits the display, it transfers a teeny electrical charge back to your finger.

As a result, you have a complete circuit which leads to a voltage drop in a particular place on the screen. Voila The software analyzes the location of this voltage drop and follows your command.“Yes, I’d like to snooze for 5 more minutes, thank you kindly.

”So, ever wondered why your cell phone won’t respond when you’re wearing gloves? The problem is that clothes don’t conduct electricity (unless you have especially glove fitted with conductive threads of course!). And what about when your fingers are kinda wet?

Techniques used in mobile phone screens

That causes problems with your touch screen for the opposite reason: water conducts electricity, so the screen can’t tell where your fingers touching because the water is also grabbing some of that electric charge! But like I mentioned earlier, even though these two touchscreen types are the most popular, they aren’t the only ones that exist these days. Hey, ever heard of an infrared touchscreen.

Whoa, fancy…Remember those action movies where the main character has to steal something from a highly-protected room secured by a grid of infrared rays? Touch one of those rays, and you set the alarm off. Well, similar technology is used in infrared touchscreens. Their displays shine infrared light in front of the screen, kinda like an invisible spiderweb. As soon as you touch the display, your mission failed.

Heh-heh, just kidding You’ll just interrupt a couple of the infrared rays, and it’ll set up a reaction. By analyzing which rays you’ve interrupted, a microchip on the screen will then know your intentions. Most e-readers have screens like that, by the way. Here’s one that sounds super fancy: surface acoustic wave touchscreens! To detect your finger, this technology uses sound, not light.

Type of touch screens

The screen creates ultrasonic sound waves at its edges, and they get reflected back and forth all over its surface. As soon as you touch the screen, you not only disturb the sound beams but also absorb their energy! That’s how the built-in microchip controller understands where you’ve hit the screen.

Don’t even bother holding this type of screen to your ear; these ultrasonic sounds are too high-pitched for your human ear to hear! One more type of touchscreens called “nearfield imaging” is so tough that it’s suitable for the most challenging environments.

That’s why it’s widely used in the military. When you move your finger closer to this screen, you change the glass screen’s electric field. As a result, it immediately recognizes your touch. Such technology allows you to control the screen with the help of a pen, stylus, and even while wearing gloves.

Conclusion;-

By the way, most people don’t realize just how widely used touchscreens are In fact, nowadays it’s hard to find a field that doesn’t make use of them. Airplanes, stores, banks, schools and universities, hospitals, you name it.

Also, these days, with the help of special devices, you can turn literally any surface– be it your desk, a wall, or even your skin – into a touchscreen! So, do you think new types of the touchscreen will appear any time soon? Let me know down in the comments! If you learned something new today, then give this post a like and share it with a friend.

Advantages of Touch screen

Touchscreens provide a few benefits;-

  1. But they cost more and usually have shorter battery life.
  2. Desktops equipped with touchscreen capabilities are probably not worth the extra cost unless you’re eyeing an all-in-one system and you don’t care about using Windows shortcuts.

Disadvantages of Touch screen

One disadvantage of a touchscreen;-

  1. the mobile phone is the lack of accuracy and feedback.
  2. Touch screen mobile phones contain a completely flat screen that doesn’t give the user feedback when pressed.
  3. When tapping the screen, you may or may not tap the application or setting you wanted.

IN CASE IMMEDIATE FINAL YEAR ELECTRONIC PROJECTS

We tell you here that we are a project maker and seller all over India. But most recently we working on mechanical engineering projects a final year for the students of BTech. secondly, we remind you that we have a big workshop in Ambala but rather we seated our one office in deva road matiyaari, Lucknow Uttar Pradesh. Do you want to know more about ”Touch screen-based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students ” for the mechanical students here we deal with the student and provide them final year projects on demand.afterword to know about us go to the site descriptions? Note don’t forget to check our robotics latest projects for your final year project. Also can check the latest electronics projects list.

Microcontroller

Microcontroller.

we will study that what is a Microcontroller let us start with the topic. This word Microcontroller is composed of two terms micro plus controller micro means very small in size and controller beings a device. which controls the operations of all the devices okay so here we have the word micro for small and controller means controls all the operations so microcontroller based projects final year students we can say that they are the devices.

Microcontroller

which are very small in size and they control the operations of the of all the other devices okay now microcontroller or general microcontroller it consists of various components like memories there and this memory can be either RAM or room Ram is the random access memory and Rome is the read-only memory okay so this microcontroller it can have the memory it can have serial input-output ports also it can have the peripheral devices okay.

Chip Microcontroller

and timers and counters all those are there in the microcontroller so we can say that the microcontroller it generally consists of all these components so a microcontroller talking about its components it will have built-in RAMroam input/output ports serial sports timers interrupts and clocks of gauge all will be present in the microcontroller so we can say that microcontroller it is nothing but it’san on-chip computer ok all the devices of the computer they are embedded on a single chip that will be called a microcontroller Electronics projects for students of engineering final year. so another name for a microcontroller is the on-chip computer because it is having all the components.

which are embedded on a single chip now if we compare this microcontroller with the microprocessors so microprocessors then are having the central processing unit that is CPU they will have separate memory separate block for the input/output ports. and a separate block for the interrupts timers and clock circuit so everything is separate on that microprocessors so but in the case of microcontrollers because it is having all the things on one chip so we can say that all the features of the macro processors and projects of final year engineering project student they are of the microprocessors they are contained in the microcontroller so microcontroller itis comprising the features or.

Microprocessor micro-controller

it has microprocessor plus it has the memory section and the input/output section also you so all the components of the microcontroller. they are in the microprocessor plus the internal remainder and the parallel and serial ports so if we combine all these things we will find out the microcontroller so we can say that microcontroller incorporates all features of the microprocessor now as the microcontroller because it is a type of controller it is controlling all the functions so they are very powerful devices you so.

as they are controlling the functions so when via the microcontrollers they are used in any application so they will access the dedicated devices .which are controlling all the functions if we take an example here An example of this is like a microcontroller. they can be used as the engine controllers in the automobiles they are also used in the washing machine in the V CD players and in the microwave ovens for controlling the temperature therein the ovens if we want to control the temperature.

CMOS technology microcontrollers

That is done by the microcontroller so for any specific task if we want to use some device for a specific task we use the microcontrollers so as an engine controller in automobile also like the exposure and focus controllers in the cameras also the microcontrollers are used so in all the applications were controlling is required. a microcontroller can be used now as the microcontrollers have all the devices.

which are embedded on the single chip that is the memory and those input/output both serial ports timer counters all are present on a single chip so for their manufacturing the CMOS technology is used and you do the CMOS technology?

the size of this microcontroller is very small that is by the word micro is there that is microcontrollers they are very small in size because we are using the CMOS technology and all these small devices they are embedded on the same chip so these aren’t chip peripherals the input/output port serial ports .they are selected according to the task performed by the microcontroller in a particular application.

so if you want to use the microcontroller for automobiles will have the different operations that have to be performed for microwave ovens in different operations are to be performed so for depending upon the applications the peripherals are chosen.

Applications of microcontroller

we can say that on-chip peripherals are selected according to the tasks performed in the applications on super refills they are selected depending upon the specifics that specifications of the target application for which application microcontroller is to be used.

now as these microcontrollers are powerful devices digital processors so the degree of control provided by these microcontrollers and the programmability it provides significantly it is going to significantly enhance the effectiveness of the application because if in an application.

if you are using a microcontroller in place of a microprocessor the effectiveness or the efficiency of the application will be increased in the case of microcontroller because they are very powerful devices digital processors and they can better control the operations of the applications .so these microcontrollers we can say that they increase the efficiency of the application.

now different applications of this microcontroller we know that they can be used in washing machines in BCD player in microwave oven in robotics also microcontrollers are used and in industries also microcontrollers are used so these are the various applications of the microcontroller we have the applications in the robotics field also and in the industrial field also okay.

Bit processing microcontroller

now talking about the development of the microcontrollers theater company it designed the first microcontroller which is the 8:05 1micro controller until the design the first microcontroller and this first microcontroller is known as 8:05 one microcontroller this microcontroller was developed in late1970s means in nineteen now it is we can say 1981 it was developed by the Intel and;

this microcontroller-unit is an 8-bit microcontroller 8-bit microcontroller which means we can classify this microcontroller on the basis of the bits processed by them so 8:05 phone is an8-bit microcontroller means it can read write and process 8-bit data so whatever microcontroller.

which is dealing with 8-bit data that will be called an 8-bit microcontroller if it is dealing with 16-bit data then it will be called 16-bit microcontroller and if itis dealing with 32-bit data then it will be called as 32-bit microcontroller so8:05 point was 8-bit microcontroller and all the microcontrollers which belong to this family they are known as MCS 51family ok.

so all these microcontrollers which are of 8-bit they will belong to this family so this was done little bit introduction of what is a microcontroller what which is the first microcontrollers chip design and what are the applications of this microcontrollers soI hope that now this topic is clear to you that what is a microcontroller.

Advantages of microcontroller

  • The low time required for performing the operation.
  • The processor chips are very small and flexibility occurs.
  • Due to their higher integration, the cost and size of the system are reduced.
  • It is easy to interface additional RAM, ROM, and I/O ports.
  • Once microcontrollers are programmed then they cannot be reprogrammed.
  • At the same time, many tasks can be performed so human effects can be saved.
  • Without any digitals parts, it can act as a microcomputer.
  • It is easy to use, troubleshooting and systems maintenance is simple.

Disadvantages of microcontroller

  • The microcontrollers cannot interface high power devices directly.
  • It has a more complex structure as compared to a microprocessor.
  • It only performed a limited number of executions simultaneously.
  • It is generally used in micro equipment.

IN CASE IMMEDIATE FINAL YEAR ELECTRONIC PROJECTS

We tell you here that we are a project maker and seller all over India. But most recently we working on mechanical engineering projects a final year for the students of BTech. secondly, we remind you that we have a big workshop in Ambala but rather we seated our one office in deva road matiyaari, Lucknow Uttar Pradesh. Do you want to know more about ”Microcontroller ” for the mechanical students here we deal with the student and provide them final year projects on demand.afterword to know about us go to the site descriptions? Note don’t forget to check our robotics latest projects for your final year project. Also can check the latest electronics projects list.

SMS and phone controlled Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students

SMS and phone controlled Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students.

Hi, today I will demonstrate a unique project that is designed and manufactured by engineering projects so and its completely Indian product GSM or SMS and phone controlled projects ideas for final year engineering students. you can use this engineering project for the final year students to turn on or off from your mobile phone by sending the corresponding SMS to it.

 SMS and phone controlled Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students

now I will show you how to install and configure this product is you can see there is a green button to start the pump and a red button to switch it off let’s have a look on connections red button has two wires and green has four sometimes there might be two wires instead of four in the green button as you can see the left green button has four wires whereas the right one has only two.

let’s see what happens when we press these two buttons we will need a meter put it in continuity mold when you press the button the points get shot and once you leave it the points become open same things happen with the lower two points the points will be short already and open .when you press it let’s unbox the product you’ll find SMS and phone controller user manual GSM antenna and few clamps and ties connect the GSMantenna to the controller now remove ‘

SMS and phone controlled 2G 3G 4G final year electronics engg projects

its cover inserts 2g 3G or 4G SIM except for GOC and cover it back mark the points where you need to fix the SMS take two pins from the projects and fix as shown in the next blog connect two wires to our point that is relay one which is normally open connect; the other end of the two blue wires into two points above the start switch these two points get shot when you press the green button and it will get shot automatically when the relay is on.

now connect two wires to our l2 point this wire and the blue wire are the output of different a no-contact of the same relief now connect another end of this wire to the two lower points in the green switch if your green switch has only two points then connect only the yellow wire which is connected in the device connector our 4 points is normally connected now connect two red wires into the points now remove one black wire from the button which is already attached and connect another end of the red wire.

Get SMS notification Mobile LED blink

this removed the black wire and secure it with tape now connect the other end of the red wire to the point from where you remove the black wire in the red button now remove the jumper connect two wires to AC 230 volt connector and now turn on this way the LED will blink every one second until it receives the network and once the network is received. and it will blink at an interval of three seconds now let’s see the configuration select the device SIMnumber to send SMS you can store five admin mobile numbers.

from which you will be operating the controller every command should start and end with a dollar symbol you need to enter the dollar symbol following un1there is user number one enter the mobile number and the dollar symbol at the end without any space and send it once the controller receives the SMS the status led will blink few times and you will receive a reply SMS.

Received mobile Phone SMS on registered mobile

if the number is told successfully now you can operator store any other admin numbers only from this mobile number which you have registered as UN one now type on to switch the SMS on and send the SMS again the status led will blink few times as it receives the SMS.

then it will keep glowing until the SMS and phone controlled is switched on you will receive a reply SMS from the controller the scheduled pump on/off facility will be deactivated as the pump is manually turned on to switch it off send text On FFS text message and you will receive the reply SMS again the status led will now turnoff you can also switch on or off the pump by just giving a missed call from the registered admin numbers.

Conclusion;-

you will receive the same reply here as well the status led will blink few times and then keep blowing .it will turn off with your second miss call the pump on/off system will toggle with every miss Call.

if you wish to have a look on the list of the stored admin numbers type dollar LST dollar and send it you will receive the list of the mobile numbers that are registered to; register second admin mobile number type dollar un-to and the mobile number and send remember you can register new mobile numbers only using the user number that is already.

Advantages of SMS and phone controlled

The Benefits of SMS:-

  1. SMS is reliable: SMS is a dependable platform for sending important information out,
  2. it’s the ideal tool for businesses to communicate critical and time-sensitive information.
  3. SMSes are read: SMS messages are short and sweet and boast a 98% read rate.
  4. Can send them SMS on phone at any time, day or night.
  5. The person you are sending it SMS to do not have to have their mobile phone switched on (no matter).
  6. Android SMS is a native service that allows you to receive Short Message Service (SMS) messages on your device and send messages to other phone numbers.

Disadvantages of SMS and phone controlled

  • It’s Short  Your messages are limited to only a few characters.
  • It Can Be Spammy.
  • It’s Easy to Block Unknown Numbers.
  • ou Can’t Tell If Texts Have Been Read. …
  • It’s Strictly Regulated.
  • It Isn’t Conversational.

IN CASE IMMEDIATE FINAL YEAR ELECTRONIC PROJECTS

We tell you here that we are a project maker and seller all over India. But most recently we working on mechanical engineering projects a final year for the students of BTech. secondly, we remind you that we have a big workshop in Ambala but rather we seated our one office in deva road matiyaari, Lucknow Uttar Pradesh. Do you want to know more about ” SMS and phone controlled Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students” for the mechanical students here we deal with the student and provide them final year projects on demand.afterword to know about us go to the site descriptions? Note don’t forget to check our robotics latest projects for your final year project. Also can check the latest electronics projects list.

RF and DTMF based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students

RF and DTMF based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students.

Brief you upon the basic properties of radiofrequency RF electromagnetic radiation and the tech lingo that goes along with it please bear with us it this training block we will do our best to explain the basic elements of RF this blog will teach you the most fundamental aspects of RF and DTMF based projects ideas for final year engineering students.

RF and DTMF based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students

where these aspects play fundamental roles we will start with an introduction on RF as such DTMF electronics engineering and we’ll continue with its fundamental properties such as frequency and wavelength will explain the impressive electromagnetic spectrum the power that RF can have the unit decibel and the term bandwidth of applications.

we’ll zoom into a part of the spectrum and show you some typical applications and finally try to impress you with the United States frequency allocation map to give you an idea of a refs ubiquity and importance. what is RF that we spend so much of our time talking about; it and even do business with RF stands for radiofrequency RF is a form of energy in the modification of time-dependent electronic and magnetic fields.

RF and DTMF based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Student

in short; its an electromagnetic wave which propagates readily in vacuum or rather space or in solid-state media like metal on a circuit board or through a coaxial cable or it can propagate out of an antenna into space in former time people talked about ether as a medium to carry electromagnetic waves;

however; that notion was pretty much wrong it simply takes space our three-dimensional world to carry these types of waves we said RF is an electromagnetic wave to be a bit more specific only the wave frequencies between 1 megahertz and 3gigahertz are generally called RF. above3 gigahertz up to 30 gigahertz we speak about microwaves higher frequencies between 30 and 300 gigahertz are term millimeter waves as we will see later.

when we discuss the electromagnetic spectrum even higher frequencies manifest themselves as eg visible light or x-rays or as terahertz body scanners at the airport this context will clarify the relation of the terms frequency and wavelength for our electromagnetic RFradiation imagine yourself as an observer on the beach the sea waves pass you by and you track the distance between them that’s the wavelength then you start counting the numbers of waves passing by per minute.

Electromagnetic Radiofrequency based engineering projects

That would give you the frequency of the sea waves per minute with our electromagnetic RF waves it’s exactly the same the number of waves per second is the same as frequency and the distance between wave Maxima is the actual wavelength if one wave passes each second this is known as one Hertz.

RF and DTMF based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students; microwave are the terms megahertz and gigahertz this is one million and 1 billion waves per seconde the frequency equals one megahertz and one gigahertz respectively its important to note that the speed of electromagnetic; waves in a vacuum is always the same regardless of its frequency the waves travel with the speed of light if the speed is constant this also means that higher frequency waves must have smaller wavelength to give you an idea your magnetron at home runs at 2.45 gigahertz frequency.

which corresponds to a wavelength of about 12 centimeters reciprocal relation between frequency and wavelength is also the fundamental reason that the techniques that engineers use will vary depending on the portion of the RF -radio frequency spectrum. they are working with high-frequency engineers designed with components that tend to be smaller and lower frequency engineers tend to use physical components that are of larger size.

Number of frequencies

what you see here on this post is a part of the electromagnetic spectrum visualized the table shows the frequency range between 10 to the power of 5 100kilohertz and 10 to the power of 21Hertz .which does not at all imply that it stops at either end it also relates frequency to other parameters like wavelength wave number ie waves per centimeter and electron volt ie the energy of the electromagnetic wave at a given frequency.

you should also note that as the frequency increases more to the right that the wavelength is dropping as we said before you can also see that the higher frequency waves are more energetic by referring to the electron-volt scale please note the examples of real applications which are shown.

here as well on the left-most of the signal transmission kind of applications electronics and on the right the light-based applications or optics can be found along with frequency and wavelength power; is another very important parameter to consider power is the measure of the energy per unit of time that the electromagnetic wave can deliver them more power in the wave the further the wave can be transmitted like for a broadcast signal.

Medical applications used Rf and Dtmf waves and frequencies

The more deeply a wave can penetrate like incertain medical applications more care must usually be given to systems that operate with more power it’s important to understand the power in a relative way the next slide shows how power and parameters, in general, can more easily be thought of in relative terms this slide requires a lot of explanation but will be key to understanding the material.

The more advanced RF courses so it’s important to really understand what’s going on here this slide shows the math tricks and vocabulary used by the engineers if we go back to all of that forgotten math from our younger years we remember that instead of multiplying in the linear domain we can add things in the log domain remember this becomes very useful.

when numbers become very large or likewise very small and when many multiplications are required for instance it becomes much easier to add five two-digit numbers than to multiply five six-digit numbers this practice is common when figuring power gains and losses; through long chains of components so engineers and projects of radio frequency-based engineering projects ideas; will always babble in terms of DB DB M DB Cetc to know how many DB some property we need to know how many zeros were added to the number in the linear math domain then to get the number of DBS we multiply by ten for instance.

Mobile radio frequency rf and DTMF engineering

if a signal gets amplified and becomes a thousand times larger then three zeros were added to its value this three gets multiplied by 10 to get 30 dB conversely if a signal becomes one-millionth as big; it became ten to the negative sixth power as big and minus six times ten is minus60 so in DB. it got affected by minus 60dB some other nice DB number facts to remember are that every doubling of something in the linear domain adds three DB and the DB domain also every time something gets cut in half in the linear domain it drops by three DB or you add minus 3 dB in the DB domain.

likewise, if an amplifier has a gain of20 DB it amplifies the signal power by a factor of 100 right this allows engineers to go through the gains and losses in a system in a very fast way by adding numbers; that is easy to handle I know this sounds clumsy at first but after a few years it’s easy to do math in the DB domain and you become thankful for it you’ll see how this is used in further presentations the bandwidth of a signal can be considered as the width of the spectral chunk that is being covered by the signal.

The system, for instance, an FM radio can receive waves between 88 and 108megahertz the car receiver then has a 20megahertz bandwidth the FM wave per radio station itself has a certain bandwidth as well. which indicates how much information the wave can carry your favorite FM station; transmits a wave that is about 200 kilohertz wide the music only covers a chunk around 20kilohertz wide so the engineers use the remaining frequency space in that 200kilohertz to pack information onto the wave to help the transmission be purer and to let your car navigation system knows.

Cellular FM transmission

where not to go this same principle applies to all the RF and microwave applications and scales and complexity as the system needs become more stringent for example in highly complex third-generation cellular environments system needs far exceed those of music transmission for FM this is why cellular bands operate over broader bandwidths and each transmission from the cell towers is more broadband than for FM transmission the ever-increasing need for information transmission usually adds to the demands placed on the electronic components .

The source of many of the challenges for today’s engineers and in fact fuels a large part of our HP RF business this table shows a few frequency blocks used by most popular applications in general systems that demand larger transmission distance will tend to be granted lower-frequency allocations that’s because using lower frequencies has a physical advantage of having less degradation caused by obstacles you’ll also see 4 SMbands called out these are bands.

Power of RF  and Dtmf projects for final year students

That is free to use with certain maximum-power limitations the industrial scientific and medical is M radio bands were originally reserved internationally for the use of RF electromagnetic fields for industrial scientific and medical purposes other than communications you will again recognize your magnetron frequency is an is M band together with your W LAN in general communication equipment must accept any interference generated by is M equipment the bands and applications up to 3.8 gigahertz are covered by-products from RF power.

likewise, the RF small-signal portfolio covers even higher frequencies and applications up to and above 40gigahertz there are of course more bands defined at higher frequencies see earlier electromagnetic wave spectrum these frequencies are also used for several applications but can only be served using other technologies than the ones used currently by RF power and small signal.

What are DTMF and RF technology

In the recent past, wireless controlled vehicles had been extensively utilized in more areas like unmanned rescue missions, military usage for unmanned combat and much of others. But the real disadvantage of these wireless unmanned robots is that they typically make use of RF circuits for maneuver and control.

RF and DTMF based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students

Essentially RF circuits suffer from tons of drawbacks like limited frequency range i.e. working range, and limited control. to beat such problems related to RF control, few papers are written, describing methods that make use of the GSM network and therefore the DTMF function of a telephone to regulate the robotic vehicle.

This paper although it uses an equivalent principle technology of the GSM network and therefore the DTMF based mobile it essentially shows the development of a circuit using only 4 bits of wireless digital communication to regulate the motion of the vehicle without the utilization of any microcontroller. This improvement ends up in the considerable reduction of circuit complexity and of manpower for software development because the circuit built using this system doesn’t require any variety of programming.

GSM Radiofrequency

Moreover; practical results obtained showed an appreciable degree of accuracy of the system and friendliness without the utilization of any microcontroller. Keywords – DTMF decoder, GSM network, Motor driver, Microcontroller, Unmanned Surface Vehicles, in theory, RF (Radio Frequency) are often considered the control which deals with the utilization of radio signals to remotely control any device.

A remotely controlled vehicle could also be defined as any mobile device which is controlled by means it doesn’t restrict its motion with an origin external to the device i.e. the likelihood of an existence of a radio control device, a cable between the control and therefore the vehicle or an infrared controller. An RCV is usually controlled by a person’s operator and takes no positive action autonomously. The IR system follows the road of sight approach which involves the strategy of truly pointing the remote at the device being controlled; this makes communication over obstacles and barriers quite impossible.

DTMF signaling

To beat such problems, a signaling scheme utilizing voice frequency tones is used. this is often referred to as Dual Tone Multi-Frequency (DTMF), Touch- Tone or just tone dialing. a legitimate DTMF signal is that the sum of two tones, one from a coffee group (697-941Hz) and therefore the other from a high group (1209-1633Hz) with each group containing four individuals tones. DTMF signaling, therefore, plays a crucial role in distributed communication systems like multiuser mobile radio.

During this paper, phones making use of the GSM network interfaced directly with the DTMF decoder and so the motor driver is used to remotely control an unmanned robotic vehicle thus overcoming the space barrier problem and communication over obstacles with very minimal or no interference but is solely network dependant.

The planning of an unmanned vehicle proposed here doesn’t make use of any microcontroller. The transmitter used, maybe a handheld telephone. A literature review is given in section 2 followed by our proposed model in section 3. The hardware design framework is discussed in section 4. The circuit design.

Conclusion;-

This post is just meant to illustrate how complex and diverse the usage of the electromagnetic spectrum has become nowadays it is a scheme the government the FCC has come up with to allocate the overall spectrum to several licensed unlicensed or government only use per line it gives a part of the overall spectrum in total it ranges between 3 kilohertz and 300 gigahertz RF and DTMF based projects ideas for final year engineering and microwave engineers only have a few small frequency slices available to them depending on the application in other countries this allocation might look very different.

that’s also why there’snot just one single frequency in the world to do all the cellular telephones within fact all countries in the world worked together in the ITU body to align the frequency use across borders the electromagnetic waves would not just stop there this also finishes the presentation on RF basics we hope it is clear and understandable so that you now have an idea what RF and its associated applications are all about the RF and DTMF based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students.

Advantages of RF and DTMF projects

In this paper, we can control the Robot using Dual Tone Multi-Frequency (DTMF) technology.

  1. DTMF technology is the most useful technique in the present day.
  2. It is worked on to methods digital signal processing (DSP).
  3. Wireless-control of robots uses RF circuit that has the drawbacks of limited working range and limited control.
  4. This DTMF gives an advantage over the RF; it increases the range of working and also gives good results in case of motion and direction of the robot using a mobile phone through microcontroller.
  5. This type of wireless communication gives the remote handling operation of Robots using DTMF.

Disadvantages of RF and DTMF projects

  1. This RF circuit has many disadvantages but one of the biggest advantages was limited working range, limited frequency range, and limited control.
  2. This has an adverse effect on the performance of the robotic vehicle.
  3. The use of mobile phones in the system is the biggest power to balance the system and overcome the drawback.

IN CASE IMMEDIATE FINAL YEAR ELECTRONIC PROJECTS

We tell you here that we are a project maker and seller all over India. But most recently we working on mechanical engineering projects a final year for the students of BTech. secondly, we remind you that we have a big workshop in Ambala but rather we seated our one office in deva road matiyaari, Lucknow Uttar Pradesh. Do you want to know more about ”RF and DTMF based Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students” for the mechanical students here we deal with the student and provide them final year projects on demand.afterword to know about us go to the site descriptions? Note don’t forget to check our robotics latest projects for your final year project. Also can check the latest electronics projects list.

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Wireless Communication Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students

Wireless Communication Projects Ideas for Final Year Engineering Students

The Wireless technology from radio-controlled toys to sophisticated satellite communications from AM radio kilohertz waves used for submarine communication.